The Family of Thomas and Mary

Chapter 3 of The Family of Thomas and Mary Beswick, 1992, revised 1998 and 2000

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The marriage of Thomas and Mary at St. John's, Launceston, in 1834, is registered as follows:

No. 340 Thomas Beswick, Ticket of Leave, of the Parish of St John, Launceston, and Mary Peck, Free (Widow), of - Pattersons Plains - were married in this church by Banns, with the consent of Government, the Sixth day of May in the year 1834. By me W.H. Browne LLD Chaplain

This marriage was ) Thomas Beswick (Sir Godfrey Webster)
solemnized between us) Mary Peck

In the presence of ) Samuel Yates of Launceston his x mark
) William Jones of Launceston

Recording the name of the ship (Sir Godfrey Webster) on which a convict was transported was normal practice. It served to keep official record of their identity and location: Thomas was still a convict for another two years although he would have been on `ticket of leave' for several years already. He was living in Launceston, probably in Bathurst St.,(1) and working as a shoemaker, or `cordwainer', as he was called in a mortgage document the previous year. Besides his place in town he had a property on the South Esk, within the Morven district. The name Yates(2) which appears on the South Esk land deeds is probably related to the one who witnessed their marriage.(3) Those 50 acres together with Thomas Brennan's having land on the South Esk, and his convict assignment at Morven suggests an association with the area which provided plenty of opportunity for him to have known Mary for some years before they married.

They lived at first at Thomas' place in Launceston,(4) but soon after their marriage Thomas and Mary began a long period of residence at Patterson Plains on the land Mary had inherited from her father Alexander Mackenzie. Thomas continued to practice his trade as a shoemaker at Patterson Plains for several years, but also took up farming which eventually became his major occupation.(5)

The birth of their first child is recorded in Mary's Bible in this way(6):-

Magrett Beswick Born on the Ninth Day of Feb.y at seven A O'clock in the Morning In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred an thirty six at the White Hills Joining[?] Mr. R. Jordan VDL

White Hills could have been an alternative name for the area including the part of Patterson Plains which was on the Southern side of the North Esk River where their farm was, but it could indicate a different locality a few miles away at and beyond the present centre of White Hills. Mary's mother Ann Brennan was living at White Hills and she could have gone to her place for the birth. The Jordans at Talisker, in the White Hills area, were neighbours of the Kerrs, and Mary's sister Margaret had recently married William Kerr, so that is another possibility for location of the birth. There was plenty of help available from friends and neighbours. We believe that this child was named Margaret after Thomas' mother. She appears in a record of the household in the census of 1838, but died at the age of four on 27 May 1840.

Richard Jordan who was referred to in the Bible note about the place of birth was the son of Mary Butler born on Norfolk Island. He and his father James and half-brother William Saltmarsh, were granted land with many others from Norfolk Island at Norfolk Plains, where the town of Longford later developed.  Richard's children up to 1830 were born at Norfolk Plains, but his eldest daughter was married from Patterson Plains in 1831 and the `White Hills' address was used in later years until they moved to Oaks, Adelphi, in the Westbury district, where we will meet with them again.(7) 

When Richard Jordan's second wife, Sarah, died at Talisker the `Colonial Times' reported, 7 April 1840, that `She was an affectionate wife, mother and friend, and will be greatly missed by many friends who enjoyed her liberal and unostentatious benevolence'.  Sarah was the child of a convict William Field who was sentenced to 14 years at the Old Bailey in May 1800.  Richard's father James Jordan also died at Talisker in 1840.  What stands out in what we know of the Jordan household is its openness and hospitality - there always seemed to be extra people around.  The Brennans, Beswicks and Kerrs were certainly among them.  They belonged to a group of ex-convicts and their children who shared a mutually supportive life in the White Hills community.

Thomas and Mary's son Thomas, who could not have been named anything else, and whom we have called Thomas II, was born on 31 March 1839 at Patterson Plains.(8) We will hear a good deal more of him. A second daughter named Margaret(9) was born at Patterson Plains on 18 August 1841 [See Chapter 1 for origin of name Margaret], and she survived to become the mother of the Newman descendants.  The others according to the notes in Mary's Bible [and birth registrations, although there are sometimes disagreements] were Jane (Mrs. Harris) b. 5.9.1843 at White Hills, Louisa b. 2.9.1845 at White Hills, Sarah (Mrs. McIver) b. 18.6.1848 at Patterson Plains, Charlotte (Mrs. James) b. 27.4.1851 at Patterson Plains and Samuel McKenzie Beswick b. 6.10.1854.  Louisa died as a child. They all married and, except for Samuel who had no children, we know of living descendants of each of them today. We will be taking up the lines of descent from these children, but first we need to recognize a major change in their circumstances which took place after all the children were born.

During the twenty years after their marriage until the mid-1850s, Mary and Thomas appear to have lived a normal and secure family life. After his pardon Thomas himself sometimes employed convicts.(10) They appear to have farmed successfully, but not to have accumulated much surplus cash. Some of their property on the South Esk and in Launceston was mortgaged on more than one occasion for relatively small amounts. There would have been times of anxiety and sadness. As we have seen, two of their children died, the first Margaret at the age of four, the same year as Mary's mother died. Thomas could have received news of the death of his father around this time also.(11) Louisa died of scarlet fever when she seven (death register: 9 September 1853, Farmers daughter, Pattersons Plains). The registration of Louisa's death notes that there was an epidemic at that time.

A major change can be dated from the end of 1854. It was about the time when their youngest child was born, but that appears to be co-incidental. A land trust deed that was registered 1 September 1854 transferred ownership of the farm at Patterson Plains to Samuel Beswick of `Bernard Street, Russell Square, in the county of Middlesex in England, tailor', and William Hill of the District of Morven, farmer, as trustees, for the benefit of Thomas and Mary and their children.(12) The trustees or others appointed by Thomas Beswick had right of succession to the use of the property after the death of Thomas and Mary in such a way that their children and the heirs of Thomas would have full rights to benefit from it, but Mary's daughter from her first marriage, Mary Ann Peck, could only benefit during her life time and as Thomas allowed in any deed or in his will. Thomas could direct how the benefits would be shared but not in any way that allowed Mary Ann Peck to gain a share that might be inherited. This meant that Thomas now had effective control of the land that his wife had inherited from her father. The point of it all becomes clearer when it is realized that Mary Ann Peck was about to be married. She married Martin Hardy on 28 October 1854. Apparently it was feared that her husband and children would obtain rights in the land if alternative arrangements were not made. It might, given what happened later at Scottsdale, indicate a particular concern with Martin Hardy, but it also marked the beginning in a phase of change away from their settled life in the area where Mary had grown up and Thomas had made the transition from convict to a free and successful citizen.

Involvement of brother Samuel in London, who Thomas had not seen for thirty years, is very interesting. It cannot be accidental that Samuel arrived in Tasmania with his wife and daughter shortly afterwards. They might have lived at Patterson Plains for a short time, but they were soon established at Cressy. Samuel's daughter, Charlotte, married Charles Duncan Robertson at Carrick in 1857. When the Patterson Plains property was sold in 1888, Samuel Beswick (I) `of Cressy in Tasmania, farmer', was a party to the agreement as the surviving trustee.  The reference to Samuel I as a farmer is strange.  When he died in 1891 he was written up in the newspaper only as a storekeeper at Cressy for 28 years, but his store had been sold to Thomas Dent.(13) 


The newly married couple Mary Ann and Martin Hardy were living at Quamby near the present day Whitemore in the Westbury district when their first child Martin was born on 20 June 1855. They remained there at Quamby or Oaks for the next ten years during which time six more children were born.(14)

The second child was Mary Ann b. 6 October 1856, then came Margaret, 25 June 1858, who became the mother of the McBean branch at Scottsdale, then Jeremiah Thomas 6 December 1859, Thomas 4 June 1860, Charles 24 July 1863, Joshua Peck 24 July 1865.

At about the same time that the young couple settled in the Oaks/Quamby area, Thomas and Mary moved with their family to the same locality. The conditions under which Thomas took up farming there were very demanding financially and probably led to his downfall.

Thomas Beswick of Quamby acquired 112 acres at Adelphi, apparently in 1855. [More information in the purchase is now available - to be added.] There is a deed of agreement with Richard Dry and others, dated 13 December 1855, in which it was heavily mortgaged, being offered as security against the payment of three promissory notes each of 281 pounds to be paid in successive years.(15)  It seems Thomas took possession of the land and paid the promissory notes but had to mortgage it again to others and make other arrangements to raise a large part of its value.  The land on the South Esk was sold and his property in Bathurst St., Launceston, was mortgaged. There were other mortgages of the 112 acres registered 16 July 1859 and 11 November 1861.  Five years later he was forced to sell.  According to the deed of 15 Nov. 1866 the only bidder at a public auction was John Williott (the same man who bought the land on the South Esk in 1860).  The sale realized 700 pounds from which he repaid 600 pounds in loans and 27 pounds interest.  The land at Adelphi comprised 112 acres out of 500 acres granted originally in 1837 to Richard Dry (father of the man from whom Thomas bought it); it was adjoining land occupied by John Rose at the roadway leading from Glenore Cluan and Adelphi estates to the Launceston Road and also adjoining land occupied by James Haydock Reiby and part of the Adelphi estate. The Rose and Reiby families both owned land in the Morven district near the Patterson Plains farm and Thomas could have had some previous connection with them.

There may be more yet to be learned about this. Some sort of serious trouble developed for Thomas Beswick, the farmer, in the period 1855 to 65.  The old family farm had been placed in trust in 1854 and there may be nothing sinister in that as we have an explanation, but then he lost four other country and city properties between 1860 and 1866.  In 1867 he seems also to have mortgaged to Thomas Peck his right to use the trust property at Patterson Plains.  The over all effect was that while he had been reasonably well off in 1855 he had lost practically everything by 1867.  What went wrong?  Was it bad luck or bad management or some personal difficulty.  Financial over commitment would be a sufficient explanation [, and now that we know the price paid for the land that seems most likely.] There are faint clues of personal difficulty in the movement of several members of his family to the new district of Scottsdale about two years after the last land sales, i.e. about 1868, and in the circumstances of his death about 10 years later in 1877. [Of which we now know more - to be added.] In fact we know [practically nothing, previously] [now, only a little] of the last ten years of his life and what we know leaves many questions unanswered. [He was in Launceston some of the time, and died at Sheffield. More to come.]

Thomas the convict, our Thomas I, died in the Port Sorrell district `on or about' 16 January 1877.(16) His death was reported for registration by the Coroner at Torquay (now East Devonport) on 23 January. He was described as a labourer: he was no longer a farmer with his own farm. In the Port Sorrell district or at Torquay he was far from the place where he had lived; and it appears that he died alone and was found dead some days later in circumstances that required a coroners court to record a finding. That does not prove that he was living apart from his family, but it appears likely to have been the case as [ ? all that we know of his wife Mary places her at Scottsdale with other members of the family from 1868 ?]. One of his daughters, Margaret, had settled in the Sheffield district, [ where in fact he died, but not at the Newman's place]. There were also other Beswicks in Port Sorrell district [but a long way from Sheffield], Jonathan Beswick who was transported from Chester in 1843 lived at Northdown, Port Sorrell, and had a family there in the 1860s, but we do not know of any relationship with them.(17) 

By the time Thomas died his children had made new lives for themselves and our story moves off to other parts from a time some years before. A mystery remains about the circumstances of his old age.  One thing stands out in my memory of the family tradition as I received it from the family at the old `Claremont' house:  quite apart from the fact that his being a convict was concealed from us, there was never any warmth of affection in the recollection of the first Thomas, whereas it was very strong in what was said of the second and even present in references further back to `Sergeant' Mackenzie, and I fancy too, in a limited way in regard to my grandfather's other convict grandfather Henry Peever.  At best people seem to have felt sorry for the first Thomas. However, that is a very subjective judgment and Richard Gandy whose memory of the tradition went back to much earlier experience at Derby than mine said he did not have the same impression. Dorothy Russell did say that her father told her that he could remember his grandfather, and after all it was a long way back and the fact that he was a convict might have been enough to have inhibited other memories.

We now take up the main points in the descent of several different lines from the family of Thomas and Mary. We will describe only the beginning of the Beswick line through Thomas II as later developments will be treated more fully in Chapters 4 and 5. Our knowledge of the Newman, Harris, McIver and James lines, from Margaret, Jane, Sarah and Charlotte, respectively, is much more limited at this stage, and what we know will be given in this chapter.(18)


Thomas Beswick II married Catherine Clarke at Westbury on 1 March 1862.(19) Their marriage certificate is signed by Robert Jordan and Mary Ann Hardy as witnesses.  Incidentally, Catherine signed with a cross.  (It is said that her husband taught her to read and write later.)  Robert, son of Richard Jordan, who had died in 1854, would have been head of the Jordan household at Oaks, a mile or so from the Beswick farm at Adelphi.(20) I imagine Catherine was like a young sister to him.  He was a little older than Thomas II and would have been known to him also from their childhood days at White Hills.  Mary Ann Hardy was Thomas' half sister Mary Ann Peck who, as we know, had married Martin Hardy and was living in the same district at that time.

Catherine was usually known as Catherine Peever.  She was the daughter of Henry (also known as Edward) Peever and Mary Ann Clarke (who was also known as Mary Ann Ray). Both her parents were convicts; and indeed, although Henry had served the usual term of his transportation and had a conditional pardon, at the time of his daughter's marriage he was in goal at Port Arthur for a later offence. An account of the background of Catherine's parents, their trials, transportation and convict records, is given in the next chapter where there is a more extended treatment of this branch of the family.

Oaks in the parish of Adelphi, not far from the present village of Whitemore, is where the old family friend Richard Jordan was living at the time of the census in 1848. They had moved from Talisker, White Hills, after Richard was bankrupted.  It was here, we understand, that the Jordans helped Henry Peever bring up Catherine in the absence of her mother.  She was born on 19 June 1845(21) and Henry took her when she was a young child, we think probably on one of the many occasions when her mother was sent to goal, and most probably the last of those periods of imprisonment in Hobart for six months from February 1848, and brought her up with the help of the Jordans and others. Catherine would still have been quite young when the Beswick family moved to Adelphi.

When Thomas Beswick and his wife Mary and their family went to live in the Westbury district from 1855 Henry Peever was also a farmer in the area.  He was recently married, and soon had a young family.  He had married Catherine Elizabeth Johnstone in Launceston, 18 December 1854, and was living nearby at Oaks or Adelphi where several of their children were born.(22) Continuing association with the Jordan family after the death of Richard in 1854 is witnessed by the registration of the death of a daughter of Henry Peever(23) in 1857 for which the informant was R. Jordan, `friend, Oaks', who was presumably Robert. The present day Adelphi Rd runs by the old Adelphi estate to a right angle bend near the Prewers' property where a turn off leads to Oaks and the main road goes on a mile or so to Whitemore.  [More is now known of the exact location of the relevant properties near Whitemore, and details will be added later.]

When Catherine was only sixteen (although her age recorded later was seventeen) when she became pregnant to Thomas II and they were married soon afterwards. The child known later as Richard Thomas Beswick, my grandfather, was born 1 October 1862, and given the awesome string of six Christian names:  Richard Robert Samuel Thomas Alexander Edward, after, we believe, Richard Jordan, Robert Jordan, Samuel Beswick, Thomas Beswick, Alexander Mackenzie and Edward Peever. Perhaps number of names appeased for breaking the tradition by naming him after Richard Jordan rather than his father. The impression from the tradition handed on to us is that Catherine was noted for this as the deliberate act of one who had a mind of her own. Her strength and determination are illustrated in one of the many stories told about Thomas and Catherine. When Catherine was expecting this child she was at home alone one day when a bushranger called and threatened her with a knife. She drove him off by attacking him with a horse whip, striking him on the face. He went to the next house where he cut the throat of the woman who lived there. People remarked on the fact that when Catherine's child was born he had a birth mark on the side of his face like the mark of a whip. When he grew up Richard Thomas always wore a beard.

The first two of Thomas and Catherine's children, Richard b. 1 October 1862 and Ada (the future Mrs. Weir) 25 May 1864, were born at Patterson Plains; and according to the family Bible the next three, Blanche (who was to become Mrs. Williams) 17 September 1865, Catherine (Mrs. Bottcher) 11 March 1867 and Amy (Mrs. Martin) 12 April 1868, were all born at Adelphi/Quamby.  We will come later to Florence (the future Mrs. Dowsett) who was born at Scottsdale 16 November 1869, and others elsewhere.  It seems that for the first few years of their marriage Thomas II and Catherine were looking after the old family farm at Patterson Plains while his father was at Adelphi.  It is interesting that he then moved west and that he remained at Adelphi after the farm there was sold in 1866.(24)

  One of the significant points of our history is that many of the people in the Westbury district in the 1860s were soon to be found in the new farming district just opening up in the North East and which was known at first as `Scotts New Country'.  Before we follow them there and tell the story of this branch of the family more fully we must look to the other lines of descent from the first Thomas and Mary.


Here we have some wholesome non-convict input. Margaret Beswick married George Newman on 10 August 1869 at St. Matthias Church, Windermere, when George was 33 and Margaret 28. George Newman with his parents, Thomas Alexander and Ann Newman with other children were brought out from England (Surrey) by an older brother Thomas Oldfield Newman. They came by the `White Star' to Melbourne and the `Ladybird' to Tasmania in 1855. The family were farming at Windermere (Tamar). The graves of Thos. Alexander and Thos. Oldfield are both in the churchyard at St. Matthias Church there.(25)

The first child of George and Margaret Newman, Alfred, was born at Windermere in 1870 when George was described as a farmer. By the time the second child Sandy (Alexander) was born in 1873 they were in the Sheffield district, no doubt at Barrington where the family lived until well into this century. Other children were born there: Emily Louisa, 1874; Anne, 1876; Thomas, 1878. Alexander, who died relatively young of cancer, and Emily did not marry. There are descendants from Alfred and Thomas.

Anne had one child, Jessie, when she was not married, and that child was adopted by George Newman, Anne's father. Later in life she married Neils Anderson, a Dane, but had no more children. Jessie, who later lived in Geelong, did not marry.(26)

Alfred married Edith Midgely, 30 November 1898, built his house and farmed at Barrington in the early decades of this century. His brother Alexander had a farm nearby.(27) Alfred and Edith's family details are in the family tree. Their eldest daughter died when she was 18, and her sister Doris, b. 1902, married her fiancé. The next child, Lexie, had crippled feet. There are descendants of several of their children: Doris, Reginald, Kathleen (Kitty), and Alexander.

Thomas Newman, the youngest child of George and Margaret, was born at Sheffield on 12th May, 1878.(28) He died at Ulverstone on 26 September, 1964. He attended school at Sheffield and was a member of the Church of England where he acted as bellringer into his teenage years. His daughter reports that her father had to travel to Latrobe to register the birth but forgot to record his intended second name. After leaving school Thomas farmed with his father on the Sheffield farm and at age 18 purchased uncleared land in Morey's Road at Barrington. This he cleared and grew potatoes which he carted to Devonport. A home was built and his elder sister Emily was housekeeper for him. He was a great lover of sport and particularly football which he played with the Barrington club. Those seeking work on his farm were most likely to be employed if they could play a good game of football. On April 27th 1909 he married Allie Bertha Pullen daughter of Thomas and Margaret Pullen at their home `Vermont' at Barrington. Joyce Margaret Newman was born at Barrington on 13th February 1910 and a son George Alfred Newman was born at Sheffield on 15th March 1913. Another daughter Fay Barbara Newman was born in Devonport on 16th April 1922.

The Barrington property was farmed until it was sold to Mr. Archibald Morey. Having sold the farm it was his intention to move to Victoria, as had other members of the Newman family, and purchase land in the Western District; but a property `Strathroy' at the Don Heads belonging to Mr. George Walsh became available and he purchased that in 1918. He farmed `Strathroy' until 12 months before his death in 1964. His wife Allie Bertha predeceased him having died on the 18th May 1962 aged 80 years.(29) Of his three children only Fay Mainbridge, who has no children, lives in Tasmania. George Newman, son of Thomas, and sister Joyce Morris both have children living in Queensland. There are details in the family tree.

Some good insights into what life was like for farming families in the first part of this century can be gained from the life story of Marjorie Newman entitled `Until the Rope Breaks', which she wrote in 1990 when she was 80 years old. She was a Rundle and was called Madge. She married Alfred's son Reginald. The story of their courtship is a gem, and given here as Madge told it. The tea meetings she refers to were gatherings of the local Methodist Church which was a central part of their lives:-

About this time I got quite a crush on B.... from Lower Barrington. Apart from walking me home a few times, nothing serious. At the South Spreyton tea meeting I was again to meet up with the same Reg afore mentioned. As I was going to supper a very polite young man said `Good evening Miss Rundle'. (I can tell you this wasn't the usual way I was treated), plus the said B.... wasn't there. So, I sat with him for supper and later spent some time talking, but still didn't know his name. The next meeting was the Melrose tea meeting and I was being such a good girl and had gone into tea with Mum and Dad, and who came and sat opposite us but this same boy, and Reg Keep (who later married Kitty Newman). This same good mannered boy said `Good evening Mrs. Rundle, good evening Mr. Rundle, good evening Miss Rundle', and after a while Dad said `Now I know who you are, you're young Newman'. I then knew his name. Later came the usual New Year's Day picnic at the bluff and when I went to get the hot water for our tea I had a large teapot and a billy and then it happened .... two boys tall dark and handsome, B..... and Barney Newman.... I was in a funny fix so I said `Who is going to carry the teapot?'. I often wondered what my life would have been had the choice been different, but I guess fate takes a hand. Also, Dad must have liked him. I was allowed to go home on a later bus because he said `I'll look after her Mr. Rundle'. The following Sunday as I was going back to Uncle Will, there on the bridge was this same boy, plus the white horse that became a familiar figure. He walked up the hill with me as far as the sheep yards and he said goodbye then kissed me for the first time. So began a steady courtship that lasted nearly five years and ended in marriage. .....

I also spent a lot of time with my eldest sister. In general life still went on much the same. Still flirting, playing tennis etc. and the boy on the white horse was a regular Sunday visitor. I had also met his family, and often rode my bike 14 miles to their place and spent a couple of days. The family consisted of his mother, (he lost his Dad when he was 14 years old), sisters Lexie and Claudie, Kitty and kid brother Alex, also the older sister Doris who was married to Matt Calder and lived at Mt. Eccles in Gippsland Victoria. Reg's Mum was a very sweet person, and very quiet (not having the best of health). We liked each other right from the start. Then there was Lexie, who was a really marvellous person. Crippled from birth, her legs from the knees down were back to front and never grew very much. Her little feet never grew but somehow she learned to walk, and had special little boots. She was a great horsewoman and had her own horse, and although her left hand was also crippled she was always in complete control of the reins. We often went driving. She was also a very good painter, cook and dressmaker and always did all the sewing. She was 3 and years old when Reg was born and she copied everything he did. They were very close to each other. Next there was Claudie, my age, and we became good mates. Being a tomboy like me and enjoying life we often went to the socials at Barrington and had a great time. Reg, being a stick in the mud, didn't go out much. Then there was Kitty, younger than us, with a steady boyfriend, Reg Keep, whom she later married. Alex became the kid brother I always wanted. He was the same age as my kid sister Edna, and they became great friends. One of my most treasured possessions is a photograph of my Mother-in-law, given to me when I was eighteen with love. Also written on the back of it was "Yours till the rope breaks". It didn't break but it was severely tested at times, maybe a little tattered, but it's seen the distance.

Well, you can't beat a young man on a white horse! Life was tough for them, though, later during the depression years when they had three children. They milked a few cows, but Reg was away droving most of the time. On their doctors advice they decided to go to Victoria and try to get work and start a new life.

So he sailed off with his dog and very little money, but a lot of hope. I put in a miserable time after he left with gossips saying he had cleared out, the little ones missing their Dad, Billie the worst, she really fretted. I went home for Easter and on the Good Friday my Auntie said `A nice mess you have got yourself into with those babies'. That was the last straw. I sat down and wrote a letter saying that I was coming over even if I had to live in a tent, posted it, but raced it over there because that same Aunty on the Saturday morning had to bring a telegram to say `Catch the Wednesday boat, meet you in Melbourne, Love Reg.' So I packed all our linen, crockery etc. and the blankets into the cot and on Wednesday afternoon Ern Mead took me to Devonport to catch the boat.

One way or another most of the others came to the mainland so that today nearly all the Newman descendants are in Victoria or Queensland. Reg's brother Alex and his wife Maude too came over after the parents, Alfred and Edith, died in the thirties, and they lived near Maffra. Doris married Matt Calder and she is still living with her daughter at Calbinabbin. Claudie and Jack Sayer settled in Melbourne in their retirement after spending most of their lives in the Devonport area. The Newmans seem principally to have been engaged in agriculture: Reg was a cattle judge; Reg's son Barry with his wife and two sons were featured in a full page photograph on the front of the `Weekly Times', 8 September 1982, with triplet calves born at their stud farm `Turella Park' in the Goulburn Valley. Alex's son Archie is an electrician in Melbourne with a special interest in building yachts. Alex's widow, Maude, is still living at Paynesville. One of Doris's grandsons is living in USA.(30) The family tree lists many more individuals, but it is far from complete in some branches of the Newman line.


Jane Beswick married John Harris at Carrick on 10 August 1864. So Jane was married five years before her elder sister Margaret and two and half years after her brother Thomas. It was during the time when the family of Thomas Beswick was living in the Westbury district; and the young Harris family continued to live in that district until at least 1877, by which time seven children had been born to them: John Thomas 1865, James David 1867, Mary Jane 1870, George Alfred 1872, Emma Ada 1874, Margaret Ann 1877, and Solomon whose date and place of birth is unknown, but who was probably born there before Margaret.(31) Later children were born in the Launceston district: William Henry Samuel 1879, Alfred Arthur 1883, Frances Sarah Louise 1884, and Emily Jane 1886.(32)

From the birth registrations of the children of John and Jane Harris we find that their first two children John Thomas and James David were born at Oaks where he was a labourer. Perhaps John was living and working there when he got to know Jane who would have been living at Adelphi. The birth of the next child Mary Jane [? name not clear] was notified by letter. For the birth of George Alfred in 1872 they were apparently living at Silwood, a parish in the same general area north of Adelphi between Westbury and Carrick. It seems Solomon came next or after Emma Jane, given the age of 60 on his tombstone at death in 1933. The next two, Emma Ada and Margaret Ann, were born at Moat where John Harris was called farm overseer. The Moat is a property on the Bass Highway on the Launceston side of Carrick. In 1879 William Henry Samuel was born at St. Leonards - father listed as farmer/overseer. It is possible that it was at the old family property at Patterson Plains. At the marriage of Frances Sarah Louise (1907) with Arthur Johnstone of Rosevale they were living at `Springfield', Breadalbane.

Jane Harris died in 1913, the funeral left from Solomon's house in Launceston. John Harris died at Turners Marsh in 1919.(33) It is also worth noting that John Thomas Harris married Agnes Townsend at the Baptist Manse at Sheffield 26 September 1891. She must have come from Sheffield. He died in 1926.(34) Alfred was a wood merchant. James David was described as a wood carter at the time of his marriage. He died on 23 November 1912. Solomon and William were both butchers in Launceston, Solomon at the corner of Brisbane and Margaret Streets and William at the bottom end of George Street.(35) Solomon married Mary Ann Denman in 1900. William died 4 December 1932; his wife's name was Agnes.

Emily Jane married Arthur Henry Markham. He was reported missing during the First World War. Years later she married Thomas Colgrave using the name Winifred Jane. She is buried as Winifred Jane Colgrave.(36)

There is one branch of the Harris line in Victoria with a different surname by choice. Margaret Ann married George Appleby, 13 December 1899. When Margaret and their son Francis, b. 1908, moved to Victoria in 1920 she changed their name to Clarke.(37) Frank married Sylvia Povey. They had three sons and one daughter. Frank remembered his grandfather John Harris, but not Jane. He and his mother lived with John Harris at Turners Marsh about 1917-19. He also remembered uncles Alf Harris, Sol Harris and Will Harris, in Launceston, and John Harris, a farmer.(38)

A number of the present day Harrises are farmers and there were some more recent butchers on N.W. Coast. John Harris sold his farm at Sheffield (Barrington) and moved to Hobart. He now works for Mayne Nickless.(39) Several of the descendants of John Thomas became Exclusive Brethren and have nothing to do with the rest of the family. Lila White referred in 1960 to a Cyril Harris as `Inspector of Transport' in Launceston.(40) There is information on other descendants in the family tree.


We know less about the McIver line than any of the other branches of the family. That is due at least in part to the original couple always having lived in Victoria. Sarah Beswick married Charles McIver in Victoria in 1869. Birth registrations have been found for several children born at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne), some of whose names are not remembered by our present day informants while others whose births have not been found are remembered.(41) The detail as far as we know them are in the family tree, which includes the children born at Emerald Hill to Charles and Sarah on whom we have no further information. Among those listed Edith b. 1875 is remembered as Eadie and Adelina b.1872 as Addie. In addition we have two younger sons, Alfred and Arthur, and Millie (Millicent) who are remembered. There is also Minnie, who was probably Miriam b. 1869, who was in living in Sydney in 1940 and was in touch with Grace Fardon. Minnie was a singer.(42)

There are descendants from Arthur and Alfred. Details of descendants through Arthur's only son Brian are in the family tree. Neither of Brian's sisters had children. Alfred had one son, Francis, from his first marriage, and a son Robert and daughter Thelma from a second marriage. Francis died of a brain tumour about 1960.

Brian remembers that his Aunt Addie had a Lancia car and lived in Brighton. She had a daughter Esther, and a son Stuart who was an engineer who designed a crematorium oven, which was a rather distasteful thought to some members of the family.

Lila White, the youngest of the James family, who lived in Melbourne said that Millie had a son she called Beswick, known as `Bes.'(43) She said that Millie was still living in 1960 and gave her surname as Dow (or Daw or something similar). Brian McIver remembered her having one son with a strange name, a boy named Frank and a girl Naomi.

That is about all we know of this branch of the family at this time, except for the younger generations listed in the family tree. Brian is an invalid and has been in hospital for 23 years. There must have been more contact with the McIver cousins in earlier years. Catherine wife of Thomas Beswick II and their children stayed with Sarah McIver in Melbourne in the 1870s: we have a photograph of the family taken at that time. Brian remembers his father telling of having an accident on a horse in Tasmania when he was young, so he must have visited some of the cousins there. That would have been around 1900 or soon after. In 1940 Dorothy Russell, my father's youngest sister, met Brian's mother at the home of the Dowsetts (Dorothy's Aunt Florence who was a Beswick, and daughters Eileen and Daisy) and learned of his being at a boarding school in Ballarat. As late as 1960 Lila White referred to Millie in a letter to my father. The links have gradually been lost as the decades have passed.


The marriage of Alexander James and Charlotte Beswick took place on 3 March 1869 at the home of Thomas Beswick at Scottsdale. The witnesses were Thomas Beswick, Peter Miller, William Stephenson and Catherine Beswick. The wedding would have been at `The Dogwood Tavern' which Thomas II kept at that time. It marks the movement of several members of the family to the new district of Scottsdale, other aspects of which are described in the next chapter.

Alexander James arrived on the `Whirlwind' on 31 March 1855 with his parents, William aged 36 yrs and Pamela aged 27 yrs; sister, Mahala, 2 yrs, and brother, Thomas, 1 yr. Alexander is stated as being 8 years old at the time. The family came from Norfolk in England and William is described as being a farm Labourer, religion Wesleyan and able to read and write. Pamela's maiden name was Bobey.(44) William and Pamela had 8 more children born in Tasmania in the Launceston, Longford and Scottsdale areas.(45) William died 4 March 1894 aged 74 years and is buried at Scottsdale. Pamela died 5 March 1900 aged 73 years and is also buried at Scottsdale. The James family was a well known pioneering family at Scottsdale.

Alexander and Charlotte had 11 children, all born at Scottsdale: Mary Elizabeth b. 16 February 1870; Robert Alexander b. 24 December 1872; Adeline Margaret b. 19 September 1874; Blanche Annie b. 22 August 1876; Arthur William b. 30 May 1878, d. 27 April 1968; Walter Lionel b. 12 April 1880; Harold Brewery b. 23 April 1882; Clarence Norman b. 20 May 1884; Hilda Claudine b. 9 September 1886; Morris McKenzie b. 24 November 1888, d. 26 June 1965; and Lila Maud b. 25 March 1893.

Adeline married Frank Almond 29 December 1898 at Scottsdale. Blanche married Arthur Hosie. One of their sons was still living in Launceston a few years ago. Arthur William married Louisa Priscilla Norton 11 April 1912 at Sheffield, and they had one son Norman Douglas b. 15 February 1913 at Scottsdale who married Maureen Juin Kelly and they had three daughters and one son, as shown in the tree. Harold Brewery married Honnie Lene Maud Church. In regard to Clarence Norman, Maisie Williams of Mona Vale, Sydney, reports that she was born in Sydney, the daughter of Clarence who was married in London 1 January 1914, and she was fostered out as a baby. Morris McKenzie married Elsie May Goodwin; they had children and there are details in the family tree. Lila married a man named White.

We have information on descendants of only a few of the children of Alexander and Charlotte James. Some details for those of Arthur and Morris are in the family tree. A few other points come from Dorothy Russell and Richard Gandy. Dick remembers staying at his great great aunt Charlotte's place at Scottsdale late in 1919. "I remember the old lady quite well and Lila too .... quite a young woman, like my mother, in her twenties at the time..." He remembers a family of seven (Elizabeth, Adelina, Blanche, Bob, Harold, Morris and finally Lila herself.)(46) As I have just mentioned we know also of Arthur, and there is something of a mystery about Clarence Norman, who is reported to have married in England in 1914 and whose daughter Maisie Williams was a foster child in Sydney. Hilda was said by Lila to be still living in 1960. Of Walter we know nothing.

There are a few scraps not listed in the family tree or known elsewhere in Lila White's letters to my father.(47) In 1960 she said her son, Maxwell, was technician in charge at the GPO [PGM: telecom] `way up 300 miles in the Mallee' and that he was married with four children. He had recently bought a property. Lila was in Tasmania in 1959 to see her sister Blanche before she passed away, `leaving only two of us girls now - Hilda and I. I am now 67.'

`I am a tailoress and dressmaker.'

When she wrote last in March 1963, Lila said

I am the last "girl" of our family and now only two "boys" left out of eleven! And I am 70 on 25th of this month. I'm a tiny slim thing...

I haven't any old photos...I believe some of the others of the family got them... I remember seeing a photo of the old folk. Grandpa was a big man with a big beard and bald. Grandma a stern looking woman, corsetted till she was shaking, or it looked so.

From what we know otherwise her grandpa might have been big in the photograph only by comparison with his wife.(48) Lila mentioned Arthur and Morris as the others still living; they are the two on whom we have more information in the tree listing from present day members of the family. It appears that apart from Maisie Williams contact with the others has been lost.

My brother Arthur sold all his Launceston property and now lives in Hobart. He sent me a cheque for 50 pounds for my birthday! Dear old boy is 84 now. Lost his wife last year. They have one son, Norman. Then Morris, the retired station master, lives at Longford, so there are only three of our family now.

Dorothy Russell remembers her (great) Aunt Charlotte coming to Derby to see her mother when her father Richard Thomas Beswick died in 1921. She had lunch at the `top hotel', that is the hotel at the top end of the town, and got a car to take her up to the farm. Blanche James helped Auntie Grace (Fardon) in the house at Derby. She was an excellent dressmaker as were others of the James women and made the dress worn by Catherine Beswick Snr in the photo [above] which hung over the piano at "Claremont". Lizzie [Mary Elizabeth] spent some time in W.A. She Married Harry Norgrove.(49)

Alex James figures at a number of points in the history of the North East. A. W. Loone in his history `Tasmania's North East' refers to him as a great axe man, known for hard work clearing trees in the early days when the present rich farming land was covered with enormous gum trees.

One tale worth telling again is told by Rev. W. H. McFarlane.(50)

Miss Mi Mi Scott of Cuckoo remembers the time that the Launceston-Scottsdale coach, creaking and lurching its way over the Sideling suddenly veered off the road and went careering down a gully.  Hitting a stump, the coach turned over `eight times' throwing out a passenger each time it somersaulted.  Luggage and parcels were strewn throughout the bush.  The driver, Alex James, went for help but the coach couldn't be retrieved.  Fortunately all the passengers were unhurt .... 

The coach, of course, belonged to Alex's brother-in-law Sam Beswick. We note in passing that Sam married but had no children so there is no second Beswick line to report. There is more to tell, however, of his life at Scottsdale. How he came to be there is taken up in the next chapter as we follow Thomas Beswick II and his family from Wesbury to Scottsdale and Derby.

Before leaving this part of the story we should conclude our account of the life of Mary Mackenzie, later Peck, later Beswick, and later still Fuller. It will be remembered that her husband Thomas had died in January 1877. On 29 July 1878, Mary Beswick, 65, house keeper, married Richard Fuller, 66, dealer, at St. Paul's Launceston. In later years she is remembered as living at Scottsdale with her eldest daughter Mary Ann, and she was with her youngest daughter, Charlotte,(51) when she died, 4 June 1886. She is buried at the Ellesmere cemetery at Scottsdale.

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Questions and comments

Notes on Chapter 3

1. 1. Where he owned land mortgaged to T. Glass 12 Nov. 1834.

2. 2. William Yates in the subject of another land deal concerning the 44 acres in the Morven district in 1837: 2/1289 on 5 Dec. 1837.

3. 3. That land also bordered a property of Porter's, Elizabeth Murphy/Mackenzie's second married name.

4. 4. When he mortgaged the land in Bathurst St. , 2 November 1834, six months after their marriage, Thomas was described as living in Launceston.

5. 5. He is described in the census of 1838 as resident in the district of Morven and engaged in agriculture, with a household of three males and three females, all `free'. (Thomas had been pardoned in 1836. We can identify the three females, Mary, Mary Ann and Margaret I; but the other two males are unknown.) He was still described as a shoemaker at the registration of his son Thomas in 1839 and the death of their first daughter Margaret in 1840.

6. 6. This note could have been written by Thomas, who wrote quite well. Elaine Dobie believes that the Bible notes are in two different hands.

7. 7. Land transactions show that he sold some land at Norfolk Plains in 1829 and a further 40 acres in 1834.  The 40 acres was sold to a former Norfolk Islander, Z. Youram:  that is of special interest because in 1848 John Jordan, a nephew of Richard, was hanged at Launceston for the murder of Zimran Youram at Norfolk Plains.  By that time Richard had moved again and was living at Oaks, Adelphi, in the Westbury district.  In his large household in the 1848 census was a girl we believe to have been 4 year old Catherine Clarke or Peever who married Ann Clarke's grandson Thomas Beswick II at Westbury, 1 March 1862, and came to Derby in 1877 with her large family.

8. 8. The dates of birth of the children of Mary and Thomas are taken from Mary's Bible. Some detail are different from the official registrations. Kate James has comments: I realize that the Registers often contained errors; [but]

Parish Register states son born to Thomas and Mary on 30/3/1839, but Baptismal register gives date of birth as 31/3/1839.

Jane, dau. Thomas and Mary, born 4/9/1843 not 5/9/1843.

Louisa, dau. Thomas and Mary, born 4/9/1845.

Louisa died 8/11/1853, aged 7 years at Morven.

Charlotte, daughter of Thomas and Mary, born 20/4/1851 not 27/4/1851.

Samuel MacKenzie Beswick born 6/10/1854 shown on Parish Register as Thomas McKenzie born 7/10/1853.

9. 9. Mary wrote in her Bible `Mar t Beswick secondeth[?] Born at Patterson Plains 18 August 1841'. The word `secondeth[tt]' was not clear and Mar?t was read as Martha at one time so that it was thought that there was another child, and before the death of the four year old was discovered it was thought that the Newmans had descended from the first Margaret. `Replacing' a child with another of the same name was quite common.

10. 10. Thomas Beswick, Patterson Plains, in a register of contracts made by individual settlers with Convict Department for hiring convicts at a stated wage. May, 1848-Oct.1857. CON 30/2 Folio 116.

11. 11. We do not know when `Thomas the publican' died. One possibility is a burial in 1838 in St. Pancras Parish was not registered or not indexed as no corresponding entry has been found in the national register of deaths which began in 1837. The death of our Thomas does not appear to have been the death of a Thomas Beswick who had had the Green Dragon at Stepney in 1851, for reason given in the notes to chapter 1.

12. 12. Deed in the form of a memorializing indenture. Land inherited by Mary in the will of Alexander Mackenzie, being 69 acres comprising two blocks originally `located to' Thomas Goulding and Matthew Kirk. See note 19 to chapter 2. Thomas and Mary Beswick and Mary Ann Peck all signed.

13. 13. When Elaine Dobie was looking for records of his nephew and namesake's activities she found the deed of `old' Sam's sale of his store to Thomas Dent.  It includes something we had never heard of before:  on 20 Sept. 1888 Samuel married Mary Phillips and her signature as Mary Beswick, different from that of Thomas' wife Mary, appears on the document.  The newspaper report of 1891 makes no reference to a second wife. It says that he was living alone and that his wife had died about 18 months before after `nearly 50 years' of marriage.  Perhaps there was some confusion there.  His first wife would have been married to him nearly 50 years if she had died about 1885.  That still leaves time for the second marriage.

14. 14. Details for the Hardy children and their descendants may be seen in the listing of descendants in the appendix. Different place names seem to have been used for the same place of birth: second child Mary Ann b. 6.10.1856 was said to have been born at Oaks, as were all the others except one: Margaret, 25.6.1858 (Oaks), Jeremiah Thomas 6.12.1859 (Quamby), Thomas 4.6.1860 (Oaks), Charles (24.7.1863, Joshua Peck 24.7.1865 (Oaks). We assume Oaks and Quamby were the same place, near present day Whitemore, but they could have been different: Oaks is further East than the parish of Quamby on old maps. There was an eighth child Rosetta was born at Scottsdale 28.5.1868.

Mary Ann b. 6 Oct. 1856 married Joshua Jeremiah Peck of Pattersons Plains, a cousin. The third Hardy child was Margaret Ellen b. 25 June 1858 at Oaks married William Anderson McBean of Scottsdale.

It is regretted that it has not been possible to follow the Hardy lines of descent and write of their history at least in outline. Some work has been done on this branch by Dorothy Wright, a McBean descendant.

15. 15. From research in this area by Elaine Dobie. Mortgaged to J.J. Falconer of the Australian Bank and Robert Campbell Gunn. Lands Department ref. 4/2243. The land in question was part of 500 acres granted to Richard Dry father of Richard Dry who was a party to the agreement. It was to the South of Whitemore on the East of the road to the Adelphi estate and bordered Reiby land on the East and in part on the South.

16. 16. Death certificate:  No. 1147 in the register of Deaths in the District of Port Sorrell, now at Latrobe:- Thomas Beswick died January 16, 1877; Age 74 years; Laborer; Cause of death, Aneurism of the Aorta; Informant, Thomas A. Murray, Coroner, Torquay; Registered 23 January 1877; R.H. Davis Dep. Reg. Uncertainty about the time of his death is reflected in the phrase `on or about' which appears in reference to his death in the land transfer deed of 1888 for the sale of the Patterson Plains property, which also establishes that this record of death refers in fact to our Thomas. We have not been able to find the coroner's report. The deed of 1888 like that of 1854 recites the history: Alexander Mackenzie's land that was inherited by Mary in 1819 and placed in trust in 1854 was passed to Samuel Mackenzie Beswick, 27 June 1888, as part of arrangements certified by the bankruptcy court.

The deed of 1888 is interesting in reciting the history and giving the names of the children of Thomas I and Mary and of their spouses, George Newman, John Harris and Alexander James.  Sarah appears only as Mrs McIver without her husband's name and not in the same context as the others.  Mary Ann Hardy appears with that surname and there is no reference to David Jones as one might expect from evidence a later marriage. (Lila White also calls her Mary Hardy.)  It refers to Thomas Beswick dying `on or about the sixteenth day of January 1877' and notes that Mary Beswick and the trustee Mr W. Hill were also dead.  Mary died in 1886.

17. 17. Jonathan Beswick who was at Northdown was transported on the "Lord Peter" and is listed in the convict record as age 22 on arrival 15 October 1843, married, wife's name Susannah, with one child. He was tried at Chester, Nether Knutsford, [2] April 1842 and convicted of burglary and stealing. He later married Charlotte Sophia Bryant 13 July 1858, and a number of their descendants live on the North West today. The convict archives have records of two Jonathan Beswicks among seven Beswick convicts.  Another Jonathan Beswick was transported from Chester on the "Anson" in 1844, and oddly he was at Wesbury in 1849, but we now nothing of his later life or family except that his convict record says he was convicted of larceny, stealing potatoes, 17 April 1843, married and had four children in England. Both these Jonathans gave their native place as Chorly, Chester, and they were tried at the same place about a year apart. NB What follows here is in error. William Edward Beswick and his brother Thomas born two years later were illegitimate children of Thomas Beswick II (son of Thomas the convict) and Rachel Davidson who appears later to have moved to Victoria. Thomas remained married to Catherine and had many more children with her. I will leave the original text for now as a matter of interest. DB 2009. [There was another Thomas Beswick in the Westbury district very close to where our Thomas had been living, according to a birth registration of 22 October 1867 [found by John Beswick]:  William Edward; father, Thomas Beswick, farmer, Quamby; mother Rachael Beswick, formerly Davison (?); informant Thomas Beswick, his x mark.  Both our Thomas Beswicks could read and write.  This one had a wife with a different name, so there unlikely to be confusion of identity.  As discussed in the notes to Chapter 1 and above, we know of a family of Jonathan Beswick, a farm labourer in the Port Sorrell district in the early days, but nothing more of this strange Thomas.  Was it a mere co-incidence that he was in the same area as our people?  Were they distantly related back in England in a way we do not know?  If association with pubs means anything there might be something in finding a `Jno Beswick', at the White Hart, Gt. Turner St., Comml. Road, London, 1838.  Could the name of the place, Quamby, possibly have been a recording error on the part of the clerk?]

18. 18. From this point on it is not possible to document the story by reference to historical sources as I have tried to do for the earlier period. Some can be checked further from public records, but what we have received by way of family tradition and from interviews of older family members plays a significant part and is not always capable of being verified. Reference will be made to public sources on some important points which other researchers might wish to use.

19. 19. The church register gives the date as 29 February. It was not a leap year. The official return corrects the mistake but introduces another in saying that Catherine was a widow. [Information from Richard Gandy.] The marriage date in their Bible was entered as 21 January 1862, making it more respectable in the light of the birth of their first child on 1 October 1862, but somebody's arithmetic was still not quite as good as it might have been. 

20. 20. Whether young Thomas was living with his parents on the property they had acquired at Adelphi or he was back at Pattersons Plains looking after the old farm we do not know, he was living back there later.  Nor do we know whether the Quamby address used by Thomas and Mary in 1860 was the Adelphi farm.  The name Quamby appears to have been applied broadly in the area around Westbury as is evident in the places of residence referred to in the baptismal records for the Peever children and in two sets of birth records.

21. That is one year, one month and one day earlier than the date of 18 May 1844 recorded in the family bible of Thomas and Catherine. For more on the circumstances of her birth at the Female House of Correction in Launceston, and the identity of her mother, see the article Mary Ann's Tattoo. Until her baptism, and then her birth registration without a name, came to light some years after the original version of chapter was written we had thought that her birth was not registered.

22. 22. The baptismal record of his eldest son:  `at Hadspen, Edward John Peever, b. 10 Oct. 1855, to Edward and Catherine Peever, farmer living at Adelphi.'  (The name of the father was first written as Henry then crossed out.)  Then we have `Charlotte Elizabeth Peever, b. 31 Oct. 1858 to Edward and Catherine Elizabeth Peever, farmer living at the Oaks (near Westbury)', then `William Peever, b. 20 Oct. 1860 to Henry and Catherine Peever, farmer at Oaks', and then back again to Edward for `Jane Harriet Peever b. 25 Feb. 1865.  Edward and Catherine Peever, labourer of Hadspen'.  The names Henry and Edward were both used. He moved from Oaks/Adelphi to Hadspen sometime between 1860 and 1865. Bill Peever later lived at Derby and was the father of Mrs Harry Rodman.  Edward John's daughter, a Mrs Gill, living in Queensland, has been in touch with Richard Gandy in London and was the source of some information.

23. Mary Ann, aged five weeks, d. 30 October 1857.

24. 24. In regard to the use of the name Quamby it is interesting that although their Bible record says Blanche was born at Adelphi, the register of births at Westbury (examined by John Beswick) has father - Thomas Beswick, farmer, Quamby; for Catherine we find father - Thomas Beswick, farmer, Adelphi; and for Amy, father - Thomas Beswick, farmer, information - John R. Scott, Quamby.  So I'm inclined to think `Quamby' might have been used for any part of a wider area that included Oaks and Adelphi, Oaks being a more specific place name and Adelphi originally a large estate but used later for the neighbourhood and the land parish.  In the 1848 census Adelphi was the land parish that included Oaks.  `Quamby' probably derived from the name of the original estate near Hagley of Richard Dry, who owned land all over the district. 

25. 25. This background information on the Newman family comes from Mrs. Irene Luttrella via Elaine Dobie. According to her George was a bit of a rebel and `had no religion'. Elaine says this conflicts with what Dorothy Russell says about him including the fact that the bishop used to stay with them when he went to the area - they were good Anglicans - that appears to be true of Tom Newman. We do know that in the next generation, in Alfred's family at least, they were strong Methodists - this from Archie Newman, Alfred's grandson.

26. 26. Apparently George left Jessie and the daughter of Alf who had twisted feet, Lexie, well provided for in his will.

27. 27. Information on Alfred and Alexander at Barrington from Alfred's daughter Claudie (Emily Claudine) Sayer who is living in Melbourne.

28. 28. The birth registration and family tree information is for Thomas being born 12 April 1878. Fay Mainbridge his daughter gives 12 May 1880. In such cases I have taken the view that the immediate family is likely to know the date on which a member's birthday was celebrated and that is likely to be correct, but the official registration is unlikely to be wrong about the year, which family members will often have worked out from the age of the person as they remember it. Unofficial records are sometimes wrong due to errors in copying when reports were made from local registers to Hobart or when the informant of a birth, who was sometime a friend who happened to be going into town, reporting some days later gave the wrong date, but that is usually only few days out at most. We have many examples of discrepancies.

29. 29. This information and the preceding paragraph from Fay Mainbridge.

30. 30. Most of this information on the later generations of the Newmans is from Claudie and Jack Sayer and Archie and Elizabeth Newman.

31. 31. Elaine and Donald Dobie have searched the records as others have without success. It has been suggested that Solomon was registered as George Alfred born 1872 on whom we have no evidence of descendants or an early death, but this seems unlikely. The age of 60 on his tombstone indicated that he was born about 1873 (died 15th Dec. 1933 age 60). It was common for age at death to be over estimated, often by about two years. There no doubt about Solomon's being a member of the family as there are specific events associated with him and his youngest son Max is still living and knows the background.

32. 32. From search of registration records by Elaine and Donald Dobie and tree information from Priscilla Pike. We have not found the dates of birth of Solomon or Emily Jane. The births of the later children are not in the official register in Hobart but Priscilla Pike found them in Launceston; and there is some contradiction regarding the number of children. From Aileen Clarke: Jane's death certificate says she had 4 male and 4 female children, but John's says 4 male and 2 female, and we have information on 11 altogether. The last information on John's children could have been given at the time of his death at Turners Marsh by his daughter Margaret who was living with him; if so, it suggests that some of the older children had died as infants and were not known to her. Of the girls Margaret would at least have known in 1919 of Emily Jane whose husband was missing in the war and who was also called Winifred.

33. 33. The present day John Harris told Elaine Dobie that his grandfather John Thomas moved to the Sheffield district from the Lilydale district. Probably the old chap was living with them there.

34. 34. According to John Harris of today.

35. 35. Information from Max Harris

36. 36. Information from Pricilla Pike.

37. 37. Aileen Clarke, wife of Frank, son of the Francis who came to Melbourne with his mother Margaret, says,`I once asked Frank Snr. did he know why his mother chose the name Clarke. He said he did not know. I doubt if Margaret knew her G.Grandmother's name was Anne Clarke, but it seems strange that our generation and those to follow will carry the name of one of the Clarkes first ancestors to arrive in Australia.'

38. 38. From Aileen Clarke, who also has a photograph of Jane. Her report says that Alf Harris was a butcher in Launceston, Sol Harris who was also a Launceston butcher, and Will Harris, a wood merchant, but apparently Sol and Will were the butchers: see note above on evidence from Sol's son Max.

39. 39. John Harris thinks one was a surveyor but doesn't know who.

40. 40. It is hard to follow her writing but it seems as though she was saying that he was a grandson of Jane.

41. 41. Brian McIver and his wife Beryl. Brian has been in hospital for 23 years with multiple sclerosis. His father, Arthur Thomas Charles McIver was one of the youngest of Charles and Sarah's family, and Brian was only ten years old when his father died. Brian himself was ten and twelve years younger than his two sisters, who are both dead, and had no children. We know he is one of our family because Dorothy Russell met his mother, Blanche, in 1940 at the Dowsett's home in Melbourne, and heard about him being at boarding school in Ballarat: that is how we eventually found him. He had McIver cousins much older than himself whose descendants might know more if they could be found. Our link is a very tenuous one.

42. 42. Dorothy Russell remembers posting a parcel of clothes to Minnie when she was staying with her Auntie Grace in 1940, but Brian does not remember her.

43. 43. Letter from Lila White to my father Richard David Beswick, 1960.

44. 44. From Kate James.

45. 45. From Kate James and Charles Thompson: Annie Elizabeth b 3 March 1856 Launceston, Joseph George b 12 August 1857 Longford, Alfred William [married Hannah Lawson at Ellesmere Scottsdale in 1882, who died there 1950 - from Charles Thompson, ref Bryan Deveson, Canberra] b 6 May 1859 Longford [I have more on Alfred and his descendants], Alice Emily b 27 February 1861 Launceston, Rachel Jane b 28 December 1863 Launceston, Ruth Eliza b 7 September 1864 Launceston, Isolen (female) b 8 February 1866 Launceston, and Asenath (female) b 20 April 1869 Scottsdale.

46. 46. There were 11 altogether. It appears from what we have from Maisie Williams that Clarence Norman was overseas, perhaps in New Zealand after being in England. Of the others not remembered by Richard Gandy, Arthur William married Louisa Priscilla Norton and details are given in the family tree, and we have no information on Walter. Lila White referred to Hilda still being alive in 1960, but we know nothing more of her, and she said in 1963 that Arthur had just sold property and given her 50 pounds.

47. 47. Lila White's letters to my father Richard David Beswick, 11.3.60; 16.3.60; 14.3.63.

48. 48. Lila could also have been mistaken about who the couple were. At one point she thought she had faint memory of seeing her grandmother Mary at her Aunt Mary Ann's [Hardy's] house, but she died before Lila was born.

49. 49. From Elaine Dobie's discussions with Dorothy Russell.

50. 50. A local historian, who published articles in the `North Eastern Advertiser' in the 1940s.

51. 51. From Dorothy Russell. I expect that was how Lila, the last remaining in that household, came to have Mary's Bible.

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